Calendarul zilei de 14 octombrie

1853: Se năştea compozitorul Ciprian Porumbescu, şcolit la Viena, unul dintre cei mai faimoşi creatori de muzică în vreme sa (d. 1883)

1882: Se năştea Eamon de Valera, iniţiator al procesului pentru dobândirea independenţei Irlandei faţă de Marea Britanie (d. 1975)

1890: Se năştea generalul Dwight David Eisenhower, fost preşedintele SUA (d. 1969)

1896: Se năştea actriţa americană Lillian Gish, stea a filmului mut (d. 1993)

1906: Se năştea Hannah Arendt, politolog german, ale cărei studii au contribuit la teoria totalitarismului şi la filosofia istoriei (d. 1975)

1909: Se năştea Wladimir Siegfried, artistul plastic, pictor şi scenograf de origine română (d. 1982)

1912: Începea a doua guvernare condusă de Titu Maiorescu

1920: Se năştea filosoful raţionalist Henri Wald, figură marcantă a culturii româneşti (d. 2002)

1927: Se năștea actorul englez Roger Moore

1931: Se năştea sociologul Mihail M. Cernea, membru titular al Academiei Române

1939: Se năștea designerul american Ralph Lauren

1940: Se năştea Sir Cliff Richard, pe numele său real Harry Webb, considerat cel mai de succes artist solo britanic

1951: Se năştea scenografa Lia Manţoc

1957: Elvis Presley lansa ‘Jailhouse Rock’, al 9-lea său no.1 în Statele Unite

1959: Înceta din viaţă actorul de origine australiană Errol Flynn, erou al filmelor de capă şi spadă (d. 1909)

1964: Nikita Sergheevici Hruşciov era destituit de la conducerea Uniunii Sovietice, fiind succedat de Leonid Brejnev

1966: Se inaugura metroul din Montreal

1968: Trupa The Jackson Five îşi făcea debutul la televiziunea americană

1972: Cu ‘Ben’, Michael Jackson urca, pentru prima dată în cariera solo, pe prima poziţie în clasamentul single-urilor de dincolo de Atlantic

1973: În timpul unui protest pentru o guvernare democratică, 77 de studenţi erau ucişi în Thailanda

1974: Se năştea Natalie Maines, componentă a trupei americane Dixie Chicks

1978: Înceta din viaţă Cezar Grigoriu, regizor de teatru, film şi TV, interpret de muzică uşoară (n. 1929)

1978: Se năştea cântăreţul american Usher

1981: Mohamed Hosni Mubarak era ales, prin referendum, preşedinte al Egiptului

1988: Def Leppard scria istorie în muzică, devenind prima trupă ale cărei două albume consecutive se vindeau în peste 7 milioane de albume, anume Pyromania şi Hysteria

1990: Multi-preamiatul compozitor american Leonard Bernstein era răpus de pneumonie

1991: Activista birmaneză Aung San Suu Kyi obţinea Premiul Nobel pentru Pace

1994: Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres şi Yitzak Rabin primeau Premiul Nobel pentru Pace

1997: Murea romancierul american Harold Robbins (n. 1916)

2000: Alia Izerbegovici, preşedintele musulman al Bosniei, erou al asediului asupra oraşului Sarajevo, îşi anunţa retragerea din viaţa politică (n.1925 – d. 2003)

2001: Fortele armate ale SUA şi Marii Britanii începeau campania de bombardare a taberelor Al-Qaeda din Afganistan

2003: Se stingea din viaţă fostul internaţional Zoltan Crişan, selecţionat de 46 de ori în naţionala României (n. 1955)

2008: Fostul senator social-democrat Nicolae Văcăroiu era desemnat de Parlament la conducerea Curţii de Conturi

2008: Siria stabilea relaţii diplomatice cu Libanul pentru prima dată în cele 6 decenii de independenţă a celor două state

2009: Sir Paul McCartney era declarat compozitorul anului în SUA

2010: Încetat din viaţă matematicianul Benoît Mandelbrot, inventatorul geometriei fractale, utilizată pentru măsurarea fenomenelor naturale despre care până la el se credea că nu pot fi măsurate, precum norii (n. 1924)

2012: Austriacul Felix Baumgartner sărea din stratosferă deasupra statului american New Mexico, de la altitudinea de peste 39.000 metri,depăşind viteza sunetului (de 1.227,6 kilometri /oră – 343 metri/ secundă)

2014: Afaceristul Marian Iancu era condamnat la 12 ani de închisoare în dosarul Rafo, la capătul unuia dintre cele mai prelungite procese din România

2015: Înceta din viață Florența Mihai, glorie a tenisului feminin românesc (n. 1955)

2015: Washingtonul şi Moscova aveau primele convorbiri militare pe tema siguranţei raidurilor aeriene din Siria

2015: Muzicianul englez Steven Patrick Morrissey concerta la Bucureşti

2016: Oraşul Satu Mare găzduia prima ediţie a „Bienalei culturii evreieşti din România”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

October 14th: On this day
1957, The Everly Brothers had their first No.1 on the US singles chart with ‘Wake Up Little Susie’, (a No.2 hit in the UK).
1957, The Elvis Presley classic, ‘Jailhouse Rock’ was released. It became his ninth US number one single and stayed on the Billboard chart for nineteen weeks. The film clip from the movie where he sang the song is considered by many historians to be the first rock video. More on Elvis Presley
1957,

1959, Bobby Darin was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with ‘Mack The Knife’. From Kurt Weill’s Threepenny Opera, the song won the Grammy Award for Record of the Year in 1960.
1965, The Rolling Stones, The Spencer Davis Group, Unit 4 Plus 2, The Checkmates, The Habit, The End and Charlie Dickins all appeared at The Odeon, Birmingham during a UK tour.
1966, Pink Floyd played their first ever „underground” set when they appeared at All Saints Hall, Notting Hill, London, UK.
1967, The second series of The Monkees TV show started on BBC TV in the UK. Plans for the shows to be screened in colour were dropped, so it was aired in black & white. More on The Monkees
1968, The Jackson Five make their national TV debut on ‘ABC TV’s Hollywood Palace.
1969, Police in New Jersey issued a warrant for the arrest of Frank Sinatra in relation to his connections with the Mafia.
1971, Music publishing firm, Arco Industries filed a $500,000 dollar lawsuit against Creedance Clearwater Revival’s John Fogerty, claiming that Fogerty’s song Travelin’ Band „contained substantial material copied from Little Richard’s Good Golly, Miss Molly”. The suit was eventually dropped.
1972, Michael Jackson went to No.1 on the US singles chart with ‘Ben’, his first solo No.1. which was also a a No.7 hit in the UK.
1988, Def Leppard became first act in chart history to sell seven million copies of two consecutive LPs, with Pyromania (their third studio album released in 1983) and Hysteria, (which became the band’s best-selling album to date, selling over 20 million copies worldwide, and spawning six hit singles).
1989, Motley Crue started a two-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘Dr. Feelgood’.
1990, Multi-Emmy and Grammy award-winning American composer, pianist and conductor, Leonard Bernstein died of pneumonia. Composed music for the 1957 musical ‘West Side Story’, and ‘On The Waterfront’. Bernstein conducted the New York Philharmonic aged 25 and wrote three symphonies, two operas, five musicals, and numerous other pieces.
2002, The Libertines released their debut album, the record entered the UK charts at Number 35 and went on to top end of year critics polls in several music magazines.
2004, Eric Clapton was suspended from driving in France after being caught speeding at 134mph in his Porsche 911 Turbo near Merceuil. He was given a 750 euro (£515) fine and his UK licence was confiscated. After paying his fine Clapton posed for photographs with French police and then left the scene in his Porsche – with his secretary behind the wheel. Life In The Fast Lane
2006, Freddy Fender, the Tex-Mex singer died of complications from lung cancer at the age of 69. Known for standards as ‘Before the Next Teardrop Falls’ (US No.1 in 1975) and ‘Wasted Days and Wasted Nights’.
2007, US rapper TI was arrested and charged with weapons offences just hours before he was due to perform and collect two awards at the BET Hip-Hop gala in Atlanta. The 27-year-old was arrested in a car park on suspicion of collecting machine guns and silencers bought for him by his bodyguard. His award for CD of the Year was accepted by rapper Common, who jointly won the prize with TI.
2008, Illustrator and rock cartoonist Ray Lowry died. He contributed illustrations for NME, Punch, Private Eye and The Guardian and designed the artwork for The Clash album London Calling.
2009, Paul McCartney was named Songwriter of The Year at the 29th Annual ASCAP Awards in London, England. The awards presentation honored songwriters and publishers of the most performed works in the US during 2008.
2014, Isaiah „Ikey” Owens the American keyboardist known for his work with The Mars Volta, Jack White and an array of bands from the Long Beach music scene died aged 39. Owens was found dead due to a heart attack in his hotel room in Puebla, Mexico.
October 14th: Born on this day
1940, Born on this day, Cliff Richard, (Harry Webb). Britain’s most successful solo artist, his first hit was in 1958 the UK No.2 single ‘Move It’, then 1959 UK No.1 single ‘Living Doll’ and 1979 UK No.1 single ‘We Don’t talk Anymore’, plus over 100 UK Top 40 hits). He once worked as a clerk at Fergusons TV factory.
1942, Born on this day, Billy Harrison, Them, (1965 UK No.2 single ‘Here Comes The Night’).
1945, Born on this day, Colin Hodgkinson, bass, Whitesnake, (1987 US No.1 & UK No.9 single ‘Here I Go Again’).
1946, Born on this day, Dan McCafferty, Nazareth, (1973 UK No.9 single ‘Broken Down Angel’).
1946, Born on this day, Justin Hayward, The Moody Blues, (1965 UK No.1 single ‘Go Now’ and 1968 UK No.19 single ‘Nights In White Satin’).
1948, Born on this day, Ivory Tilmon, Detroit Emeralds, (1973 UK No.7 single ‘Feel The Need In Me’).
1948, Born on this day, Marcia Barrett, Boney M, (1978 UK No.1 & US No.30 single ‘Rivers Of Babylon’).
1952, Born on this day, Chris Amoo, The Real Thing, (1976 UK No.1 single ‘You To Me Are Everything’).
1958, Born on this day, Thomas Dolby, solo, (1984 UK No.17 single ‘Hyperactive’), Also member of Camera Club, Lene Lovich band, as a producer worked with Joni Mitchell, Prefab Sprout.
1959, Born on this day, Anthony Jude Pero, drummer, Twisted Sister, (1983 UK No.18 single ‘I Am, I’m Me’, 1984 album ‘Stay Hungry’). Pero died from an apparent heart attack on March 20th 2015.
1965, Born on this day, Karyn White, singer, (1991 US No.1 single ‘Romantic’, a No.23 hit in the UK).
1974, Born on this day, Natalie Maines, singer, songwriter, Dixie Chicks. With sales of 27.2 million albums in the US alone, they have become the top selling all-female band and biggest selling country group in the US during the Nielsen SoundScan era (1991–present).
1975, Born on this day, Shaznay Lewis, vocals, All Saints, (1998 UK No.1 single ‘Never Ever’). Solo.